Between 1960 and 1990, the parcel tanker, which at first was a converted petroleum products tanker with only a single skin and no double bottom, has been through three important development phases, and these are discussed. The first was a dramatic technological revolution that has taken place in cargo handling capabilities, operational safety and environmental protection. The second stage was organizational, with an evolution of parcel tanker operation into a structured quality management system and the development of skills that could easily migrate to other modes of chemical handling--barging, storage and land transport. The third stage affected the industry structure. Traditional shipowners, either not interested or not qualified to compete in the service environment, withdrew. The industry then consolidated around a few main suppliers of complete service packages. The author characterizes as now due the replacement of an aging fleet of sophisticated chemical tankers built by major operators specifically for the parcel trade with purpose-built ships that can meet the new standards that customers and regulators are demanding and that can meet the trade's requirements into the 1990s. He comments on market influences and emerging trends in the industry. Then, as the fourth stage, he calls for industry standards to be cooperatively developed by charterers and owners, for the development of supplier-purchaser partnerships such as are already prevalent in Europe, and for changes in the relationship between charterer and owner. A sidebar lists the fleets of major chemical tanker operators worldwide.

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Journal article; chemical parcel tankers
  • Authors:
    • Lorentzen, J S
  • Publication Date: 1990-10

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00661572
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Maritime Technical Information Facility
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 21 1994 12:00AM