EVALUATION OF THREE OIL SPILL LABORATORY DISPERSANT EFFECTIVENESS TESTS

EPA evaluated three laboratory methods: the Revised Standard Dispersant Effectiveness Test currently used (and currently required by regulation) in the United States, the Swirling Flask Test (developed by Environment Canada), and the IFP-Dilution Test (used in France and other European countries). Six test oils and three dispersants were evaluated; dispersants were applied to the oil at an average 1:10 ratio (dispersant to oil) for each of the three laboratory methods. A screening criterion was established that required a combination that gave at least 20 percent effectiveness results. The selected combination turned out to be Prudhoe Bay crude oil (an EPA-American Petroleum Institute Standard Reference Oil) and the dispersant Corexit 9527. EPA's evaluation concluded that the three tests give similar precision results, but that the Swirling Flask Test was fastest, cheapest, simplest, and required least operator skill.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Pub. in Proceedings of the 1993 International Oil Spills Conference, Tampa, FL., March 29-April 1, 1993, p515-520. See also PB85-247740. Prepared in cooperation with American Petroleum Inst., Washington, DC. Sponsored by Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Risk Reduction Engineering Lab.; Journal article
  • Corporate Authors:

    United States Coast Guard

    2100 Second Street, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20593

    American Petroleum Institute

    1220 L Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20005-4070

    Environmental Protection Agency

    Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory
    Cincinnati, OH  United States 
  • Authors:
    • Sullivan, D
    • Farlow, J
    • Sahatjian, K A
  • Publication Date: 1993

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: 9 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00666582
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: EPA/600/A-93/102
  • Contract Numbers: EPA-68-C9-0062
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 3 1994 12:00AM