Several policies to decrease adverse impacts of transportation facilities are analyzed. The primary purposes of the proposed transportation impact zone policy are to improve social and environmental quality, equity (by reducing uncompensated losses), and technical efficiency of transportation (by expanding ameliorative measures available to transportation agencies). Secondary goals are to internalize costs and increase community acceptance of proposed facilites. The proposed policy involves three strategies: (a) regulation, (b) funds for recipients provided they treat adverse impacts, and (c) unrestricted funds for those damaged. Only noise seemed subject to satisfactory regulation--a two-tiered standard with more stringent standards for new facilities than for those existing and with variances across transportation modes depending on cost-effectiveness. Funds for affected recipients, if they ameliorate adverse impacts, provide an incentive for carrying out certain desired activities such as soundproofing, noise barrier construction, neighborhood planning grants, bikeway and pedway construction, and property acquisition. Unrestricted funds for those damaged are most efficient at increasing equity because they can be used for whatever the individual thinks is best. These funds would be payments for value losses for residential property, loans for short-term losses to small businesses, and for compensation to municipalities for significant (over 2 percent) losses in their total tax base for impact remedies provided outside the right-of-way.

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 25-34
  • Monograph Title: Transportation serving community needs
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00097414
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309023750
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Aug 13 1975 12:00AM