ESTIMATING COMMUNITY EFFECTS OF HIGHWAYS

Techniques to identify and estimate community effects of highways are needed to make good location decisions. If the effect of a highway on a community can be known before it is built, areas that may be harmed by highway proximity can be avoided in favor of areas that can be benefited. Efforts to identify neighborhoods that may be suitable or unsuitable for highway locations have included both objective social indicators (e.g., residential stability) and subjective indicators (e.g., attitudes of affected residents). In the middle and late 1960s efforts to develop and test objective indicators contributed to communication between citizens and highway agencies seeking to improve highway location procedures. Citizen participation has since overshadowed other techniques of identifying and estimating community effects. The social feasibility model described uses neighborhood characteristics such as household size and income, proportions of young and old people, automobile availability, length of time at current residence, and ethnic composition to determine the community effect of a highway. This procedure attempts to locate highway corridors where they are socially feasible by using mainly secondary data in a three-phase process.

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References;
  • Pagination: pp 9-14
  • Monograph Title: Transportation serving community needs
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00097411
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309023750
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Aug 13 1975 12:00AM