PASSENGER-CAR SKIDDING AS INFLUENCED BY ROADWAY DESIGN, TIRE TREAD DEPTH, AND PAVEMENT CONDITIONS

Turnpike accident data are analyzed to show that curves of low curvature have higher than average accident involvement histories. Horizontal curvature and grade when in combination are also shown to exert independent influences on accident statistics. Tire traction is shown to be substantially degraded at water depths well below those needed for hydroplaning. Pavement drainage and hence water depth on the road surface is shown to be primarily influenced by road width, superelevation, and rainfall rate, and to be essentially independent of grade. Analytical analyses of the steady turning performance of a vehicle are used to show that cornering on a horizontal curve is essentially the same as cornering on a curve constructed on a grade - within the range of grades in common use. Computer simulation analyses involving parametric variations of vehicles, tires, road surfaces, curvature, superelevation grade, and maneuvers are used to define specific limiting velocity boundaries for vehicle handling performance. Such boundaries are shown to be well below those which are assumed when using the AASHTO curve design formula. The accident, traction, drainage, and vehicle performance analyses are then used to formulate an expression for required pavement Skid Number. The formulation, including the influences of curvature, grade, pavement drainage, legal tire tread depth, skid number gradient and roadway design velocity, is developed in the appendix. Examples are used to illustrate applications.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Report sponsored by the National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Washington, D.C.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Highway Safety Research Institute

    Huron Parkway and Baxter Road
    Ann Arbor, MI  USA  48109
  • Authors:
    • Dunlap, D F
    • Fancher Jr, P S
    • Scott, R E
    • MacAdam, C C
    • SEGEL, L
  • Publication Date: 1974-12

Media Info

  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 19 p.
  • Serial:
    • HIT Lab Reports
    • Volume: 5
    • Issue Number: 4
    • Publisher: University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00096922
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Highway Safety Research Institute
  • Contract Numbers: HR 1-14
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 15 1975 12:00AM