The basic concept of the subaqueous trench-type tunnel dates back to antiquity. It is known that a tunnel of this type was constructed in Babylon in 2180-2160 B.C. The modern revival of this old idea dates from before 1854. A review is presented of the various methods of construction proposed in the years following, culminating in the construction of the first true trench-type tunnel, the Detroit River Tunnel of the Michigan Central Railroad (1906-1910). Construction of this tunnel and other early tunnels, i.e., the Posey Tube, Alameda (1926-1928); the Detroit-Windsor Tunnel (1928-1930), the Bankhead Tunnel, Mobile, Ala. (1939-1940); the Maas River Tunnel (1938-1941) is described in general terms. The inherent advantages of trench-type tunnels were demonstrated in these early works and led to the widespread use of this type in the ensuing years.

  • Corporate Authors:

    American Society of Civil Engineers

    345 East 47th Street
    New York, NY  United States  10017-2398
  • Authors:
    • Palmer, W F
    • Roberts, K C
  • Publication Date: 1975-3

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00096646
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: American Society of Civil Engineers
  • Report/Paper Numbers: #11183 Proc Paper
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 29 1975 12:00AM