ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND THE PRIVATE AUTOMOBILE TO 1980

This paper contains the results of an investigation into the magnitude, history, and future prospects of the gasoline problem. The first area reviewed is gasoline supply and demand. Data are presented which show that over the period 1960-1972, the annual growth rate of gasoline consumption increased by 4.5 to 5.2% while over the period 1963-1972 total refinery capacity grew by 2.9% annually and output by 3.4%, with the more rapid growth of output being achieved by virtue of increased capacity utilization. A second area reviewed is the major factors which influence gasoline consumption by individual automobiles. The factors considered are auto weight, engine efficiency, speed, emission controls, and accessories. Results are presented from various studies conducted by the EPA. The paper also includes a simple model of aggregate consumption with which to forecast gasoline demand to 1980. Depending upon reasonable changes in automobile sales, weight, and efficiency the model predicts a wide range (from 65% to minus 10%) of automobile gasoline demand in 1980.

Media Info

  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 175-179

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00095047
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 7 1975 12:00AM