CAL3D CRASH VICTIM SIMULATION COMPUTER PROGRAM USER MANUAL
The Calspan Corp, Crash Victim Simulation Program, CAL3D, is designed to enable the digital simulation of a time- varying impact event involving one or more representations of human beings. Typical events might be an automobile occupant impacting the interior vehicle surfaces during a crash event, or a pedestrian being struck by a moving vehicle. The intended capability of the program is very general. The mathematical modeling includes features such as arbitrary restraint belt configurations, airbag, general force-deflection characteristics, body joint rotation limits, involuntary tensing, and a variable number of body segments (connected or disjoint). CAL3D can be used to simulate cases involving a single vehicle occupant in a crash situation. There has been relatively little field testing of the program for pedestrain simulation, and almost none for other types of incidents. The intent of this document is to provide guidance to both new and experienced program users in modeling the incident to be simulated, preparing the input cards, and anticipating the effects of program restrictions and anomalies on the simulation results. Much of this manual consists of transcriptions and verbatim quotes from the references in Appendix F. Each section is concluded with its own list of references for the topics covered, where appropriate. The interested reader is referred to Reference 1 in particular, which is Calspan's own four-volume manual for the more recent version of CAL3D (Version IIICo174).
- Sponsored by the Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association, Incorporated.
Boeing Computer Services IncorporatedP.O. Box 24346
Seattle, WA United States 98124
- Karnes, R N
- Publication Date: 1975-3
- Features: Figures; References; Tables;
- Pagination: 297 p.
- TRT Terms: Computer programs; Crashes; Impact tests; Manuals; Mathematical models; Restraint systems; Simulation; Testing
- Old TRIS Terms: Occupant restraint
- Subject Areas: Highways; Research; Safety and Human Factors;
- Accession Number: 00099551
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Highway Safety Research Institute
- Report/Paper Numbers: BCS-G-0651 Tech. Rpt.
- Contract Numbers: BCS 7501-Cr.16
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Nov 5 1975 12:00AM