The purpose of this study, contained in nine separate volumes, was to provide basic data on energy consumption in industry and to identify opportunities for energy conservation. Each volume is organized into 4 sections: section 1 is an introduction, section 2 describes the methodology employed in the study, section 3 contains executive summary tables of energy consumption data for each of the nine industries examined, and section 4 analyzes the data collected for one specific industry. Volume 2 covers the petroleum refining industry. The data presented are organized as follows: (1) descriptions are given of the most common processes employed for the separation of crude oil into its constituent parts and for the conversion of various intermediate materials into more valuable products to meet market demands; (2) energy consumption and yield data are given on a process-by-process basis and combined for representative refinery processing sequences; (3) a typical refinery system is described in terms of material and energy balances; and (4) data are presented showing the historical trends in processing technology used in the refining industry and the corresponding changes in energy use. Further information is presented which explores in greater depth certain aspects of the petroleum refining industry. Results of thermodynamic analyses of available energy changes in refining processes are given, identifying area where the most energy is lost and where thermodynamic principles indicate significant improvement should be possible in plant design and operation. A discussion is presented of the development of a linear program model of representative refinery processes by which all practical processing sequences may be investigated with respect to energy use. In addition, a comprehensive discussion is made of practical energy conservation measures appropriate for the industry. The measures cover existing and new plants and many are in active use at the present time.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Prepared by Gordian Associates, Incorporated.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Federal Energy Administration

    Office of Industrial Programs, 12th & Pennsylvania Ave., NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20461
  • Publication Date: 1975

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 386 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00099483
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: FEA-181-D
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 10 1975 12:00AM