URBAN TRANSPORT-SELECT POLICY PAPER
This book reviews the current situation and prospects of urban transport in developing countries, suggests possibilities for improvement, and discusses the activities of the World Bank in the urban transport field. Urban transport in the developing world is found to be inadequate both in levels of service and in the areas served. Commercial transport is suffering heavy expense from severe congestion, poor road surfaces and inadequate terminal facilities. Underlying urban transport problems is an acute shortage of resources, along with increasing costs for such resources. The result foreseen, if such trends are allowed to continue, is a rapid deterioration in urban transport conditions. There are, however, possibilities for combating this deterioration. First, more rational use of transport facilities, particularly of road space in congested areas, must be ensured. Second, large improvements are needed in the efficiency of transport undertakings and their coordination. Third, transport requirements should be considerably reduced by closely relating transport facilities to improvements in urban physical patterns. The World Bank's activity in the urban transport sector of developing countries is a highly concentrated program that averages around two or three projects a year. This limitation stems less from the financial resources available--though the Bank's contribution will inevitably remain very small in comparison with total investments in this sector--than from the limitations of staff and consultants. Fundamental to the Bank's approach is the need to place the physical elements of urban transport projects in the context policy measures, institutional development and management solutions. Urban transport projects presented to the Bank are considered in the context of their contribution, direct and indirect, to the wider problems of improving the basic urban transport system and the form of urban growth.
World Bank1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC USA 20433
- Publication Date: 1975-5
- Features: Figures; Tables;
- Pagination: 103 p.
- TRT Terms: Costs; Deterioration; Developing countries; Economic efficiency; Improvements; Level of service; Management; Natural resources; Policy; Problem solving; Project management; Shortages; Traffic congestion; Urban growth; Urban transportation
- Uncontrolled Terms: Efficiency; Projects
- Old TRIS Terms: Deveolping countries
- Subject Areas: Administration and Management; Economics; Finance; Highways; Planning and Forecasting; Policy; Public Transportation;
- Accession Number: 00099268
- Record Type: Publication
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Sep 10 1981 12:00AM