Current automotive design practices related to driver visibility are based on static laboratory studies of mostly straight ahead viewing that were conducted by Meldrum and others beginning in 1962. These individual studies have never been replicated either in the lab or in actual driving situation to determine the validity of these procedures. Under contract with the Society of Automotive Engineers, the University of Michigan has studied the present state of the art with respect to driver visibility and developed the methodology to gather useful dynamic eye location data and determine the accuracy of previously collected data. After a thorough review of the literature related to driver eye location and a statistical analysis of previous static eye location data, an experimental design is proposed to determine dynamic eye location distribution characteristics. This design will provide the following information: The relationship of static anthropometric measurements to dynamic eye location, the difference between dynamic on-the-road eye location vs. static in-the-lab eye location distributions, the effect of different types of vehicle seating package parameters on eye location and a validation of previous static eye location studies. The data obtained from the proposed experimental design could be used to verify or replace the SAE Eyellipses. Also, it would allow for the development of mathematical model that will describe eye positions during the driving task as a function of package variables, driver anthropometry, and target viewing angles.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Research sponsored by SAE.
  • Corporate Authors:

    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

    Department of Industrial and Operations Engineering
    Ann Arbor, MI  United States  48109-2117
  • Authors:
    • Miller, J M
    • Gatchell, S M
  • Publication Date: 1974-6-14

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 36 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00099004
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Highway Safety Research Institute
  • Report/Paper Numbers: MYRAS-BV Final Rpt.
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 5 1975 12:00AM