MANUFACTURABILITY AND COSTS OF PROPOSED LOW-EMISSIONS AUTOMOTIVE ENGINE SYSTEMS

In an effort to assess the capability of the U.S. automotive industry to produce a variety of alternative emissions technology and to compare the associated fuel, maintenance, sticker price and investment-cost penalties to the driving public, the Panel of Consultants on Manufacturability and costs performed the following tasks: evaluated the manufacturing requirements to produce the configurations for optimum fuel economy for various levels of oxides of nitrogen (NOX) as determined by the Panel on Technology; developed various implementation schedules for preproduction and mass production as agreed upon with the Technology Panel, and determined the cost impact on automotive manufacturing facilities, fuel facilities, and related vendor respurces; determined the costs to car owners for the various configurations considering benefit and penalty costs as well as hardware, maintenance, fuel and design or weight penalty costs; and determined the investment capital costs of tooling, equipment and facilities and amoritized these over the production shcedules. Data for this report was acquired through visits to manufacturing plants, a questionnair survey of 4 major U.S. automotive companies, evaluatory data from the Technology Panel; projected cost data for gasoline and diesel from a Subpanel of Consultants on Fuels; assessment of manufacturing technology and capability; results of calculations based on data from the above sources. A summary of the findings are listed. These findings relate to the industry investment on emission and the cost to the public; the oxidizing catalytic converter; the shift to smaller cars; the cost of meeting NOX (1978) standards; emissions technology; the serial catalyst system; capacity of U.S. machine-tool companies; and a separate emissions regulation and test procedure for automotive diesel cars.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Environmental Protection Agency

    Dallas, TX  United States  75202
  • Authors:
    • Lindgren, L H
    • Ebner, M
    • Gay, H A
    • JOHNSON, W A
    • Kittrell, J
    • Maxwell, C R
  • Publication Date: 1974-11

Media Info

  • Features: Appendices; Figures; Tables;
  • Pagination: 315 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00098924
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 13 1975 12:00AM