A REVIEW OF VEHICLE DESIGN (INJURY REDUCTION) IN RELATION TO ROAD SAFETY
The purpose of this study was to establish the reduction in injuries and fatalities which could be expected under Australian conditions from the incorporation in vehicles of features designed to reduce the severity of injuries. The report is based on a review and analysis of Australian and overseas research and practice. A criteria search was conducted for design standards for motor vehicles that will result in a reduction in the number and severity of traffic accident injuries. The results indicate that: truck occupants' safety would be increased with anti-burst door locks and energy absorbing steering column and padding; the motor vehicle should be designed to ensure the structural integrity of the passenger compartment in a crash; design of passenger restraint systems should avoid secondary impact between the occupant and the compartment interior; the integrated seat including inertia reel belts is most satisfactory; and cost effectiveness of measures undertaken to reduce injuries cannot be assessed. It was concluded that: the wearing of seat belts appears to offer the most immediate return in the reduction of injuries; development of an integrated seat including an inertia reel restraint system should be undertaken; the use of high penetration resistence glass should be investigated; and research on human tolerance, in depth accident investigations, cost of safety features, and design of the occupant compartment for motor vehicles and trucks should be conducted. /MW/
- Sponsored by the Australian Department of Transport.
Traffic Planning and Research Proprietary Limited, Australia
- Publication Date: 1973-6
- Features: Figures; References; Tables;
- Pagination: 147 p.
- TRT Terms: Constraints; Cost effectiveness; Crash severity; Design; Fatalities; Injuries; Manual safety belts; Motor vehicles; Safety; Safety equipment; Traffic crashes; Trucks
- Uncontrolled Terms: Motor vehicle accidents; Safety features
- Subject Areas: Design; Highways; Motor Carriers; Safety and Human Factors;
- Accession Number: 00098861
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Safety Council Safety Research Info Serv
- Report/Paper Numbers: NR/8
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Nov 5 1975 12:00AM