THE MICROBIAL DEGRADATION OF AROMATIC PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
Nocardia OX was isolated on ortho-xylene as sole source of carbon and energy. Substrates that supported growth were toluene, benzoic acid, glucose, citrate, malate and acetate. Ortho-Xylene grown cells oxidized ortho-xylene, to cis-toluene dihydrodiol, 3,4-dimethylcatechol, pyrocatechol, 3- and 4-methylcatechol and several halogenated toluenes. Treatment of Nocardia OX with N-methyl-N'-Nitro-N- nitrosoguanidine led to the isolater of a mutant strain, Nocardia OX-2, which oxidized o-xylene to 3,4-dimethyl- catechol. The latter compound was isolated and characterized. 3,4-Dimethylcatechol was oxidized by cell extracts of Nocardia OX to 2-oxo-4-hydroxycaproic acid and propionaldehyde. A pathway is proposed for the degradation of o-xylene by Nocardia OX. Pseudomonas Pxy, an organism that can degrade p-xylene carries the genetic information for the synthesis of these catabolic enzymes on an extrachromosomal element (plasmid). The plasmid has been transferred to Pseudomonas putida PpGl by transduction and to a different Pseudomonas putida strain by conjugation. The recipient organisms acquired all of the p-xylene degradative enzymes as a result of the transmission of the plasmid. Physical evidence for the existence of the plasmid has not been obtained. Beijerinckia oxidizes dibenzothiophene through cis-1,2-dihydroxy-1, 2-dihydrobenzothiophene, 1,2-dihydroxybenzothiophene, trans-4(2-(3-hydroxy)-thianaphthenyl)-2-oxo-3-butenoic acid and 3-hydroxy-2-formylbenzothiophene. A mutant strain of Beijerinckia (strain B-836) oxidized dibenzothiophene to cis-1, 2-dihydroxy-1, 2-dihydrobenzothiophene and dibenzothiophene 5-oxide. Both compounds were isolated and characterized. Only the dihydrodiol derivative was metabolized by the wild type organism. A pathway for the degradation of dibenzothiophene is proposed.
University of Texas, AustinCockrell Hall
Austin, TX USA 78712
- Gibson, D T
- Publication Date: 1975-6-30
- Features: References;
- Pagination: 50 p.
- TRT Terms: Biodeterioration; Water quality management
- Subject Areas: Environment; Marine Transportation;
- Accession Number: 00098628
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Office of Naval Research
- Report/Paper Numbers: #2 Ann Rpt.
- Contract Numbers: N00014-67-A0126-0020
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Aug 13 1975 12:00AM