Case studies are outlined of European cities which have implemented automobile management measures. The importance is recognized of conditions by which automobile restraint measures are developed, and it is pointed out that in the European cities, such restraints marked a reflection of public policy that automoble use in urban ares needed to be controlled. Comprehensive planning objectives were established, and the benefits derived from implementing automobile restraints were measured in numerous terms - thus making strategies politically acceptable and therefore more feasible to implement. In Uppsala (Sweden), the program which was implemented in successive phases, attempted to restore the factor of the human scale as the primary planning element. Bologna, Italy, adopted a development program intended to further the government policy of decentralization and restoration of regional equilibrium. Proposed or implemented schemes in Singapore, Nagoya (Japan), Besancon (France) and Nottingham, England are outlined. Points which should be considered in the design of restraints include those relating to the psychological resistance of drivers, the inclusion of the area's merchants in the preparatory plans, planning in conjunction with urban goods delivery, and the improvement of transit levels of service. The transferability of projects is discussed and certain measures were singled out for implementation within a short time frame priority scheme for buses; metering schemes; bypass and cell schemes; and exchange of information would be useful are noted.

Media Info

  • Features: Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 5-8
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00131404
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: May 14 1981 12:00AM