The purpose of this paper is to provide the conceptual and analytical framework for determining the best alternatives for providing landside capacity at airports. The basic premise is that many current problems at airports are due to the unfortunate tendency of airport planners to impose a single design concept on the entire terminal area. Centralized terminals are easier for transferring passengers, gate-arrival terminals are better for short-haul commuters, transporter designs are more economical for peaks of traffic, and so on. To determine the best design, we must examine the variations in the traffic. Since the major differences among the alternative design concepts lie in their ability to handle transfers and to deal with peaks of traffic, we should concentrate on determining the percentage of transfers and the variations in the level of traffic. Based on this point of view, the paper summarizes the major distinctions in airport traffic in the United States and around the world. The paper next examines the major questions concerning the fundamental nature of the terminal facilities at an airport. Should the facilities be centralized in a single major complex or decentralized into separate terminals or gates as with the gate-arrival concept. Should transporters be used almost exclusively, partially, or not at all. To what extent should the facilities be shared by different airlines? For each question, we develop a simple analytic model to explore the principal issues and trade-offs and to indicate the general circumstances for which each of the major alternative design concepts is most appropriate. The results of these analyses generally indicate which combinations of design concepts should be chosen for airports with different mixes of traffic. The results also suggest an analytical procedure we can use to determine in detail the kind of design that is preferable for a particular site. /Author/

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    • Proceedings of a conference held in Tampa, Florida, April 28- May 2, 1975, and sponsored by the Transportation Systems Center and Federal Aviation Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation. Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved
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    Transportation Research Board

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  • Authors:
    • de Neufville, Richard
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  • Publication Date: 1975

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 233-248
  • Serial:

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  • Accession Number: 00131176
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Jun 5 1976 12:00AM