This paper focuses on environmental considerations and some ancillary institutional factors arising out of common law rights, major federal legislation, and state legislation. Until recently, landside capacity was not subject to significant environmental constraints. However, the probability of federal funding for heretofore ineligible landside components and the increasing sophistication of environmental analysis suggest that landside capacity will be constrained in the future by environmental considerations. Accordingly, this paper reviews the experience of airports under the environmental legislation for the years 1968 to 1974 as an indicator of the nature and dimensions of environmental constraints. In that period, projects or operations at more than 50 airports were delayed, halted, abandoned, or modified as a result of the federal environmental statutes. As an analytical tool, the paper presents a matrix of potential costs associated with the statutes, together with a summary of the limited data on actual costs incurred in that period, both as a result of the statutes and as independent or voluntary expenditures. Environmental processing and litigation under the National Environmental Policy Act have entailed significant delay to projects, which in turn resulted in substaintial cost increases, primarily associated with inflation. Although there is some room for improving the consideration of environmental factors, airport development has become an inherently more complex undertaking. Four phases of the environmental era are delineated, and issues relating to landside capacity are identified for further study. The information from these studies is needed to convert the constraining influence of environmental factors into opportunities for improved decision making. /Author/

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    • Proceedings of a conference held in Tampa, Florida, April 28- May 2, 1975, and sponsored by the Transportation Systems Center and Federal Aviation Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation. Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved
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    Transportation Research Board

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  • Authors:
    • Kleinfeld, Ruth L
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  • Publication Date: 1975

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 156-173
  • Serial:

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  • Accession Number: 00131169
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: May 14 1976 12:00AM