Intercity travel is a growing problem in California. In the face of rising energy costs, congestion and environmental impacts associated with highway-dominated regional growth, the need for a service alternative to the automobile is apparent. The Sacramento-Stockton-San Francisco Bay Area Corridor Study is searching for a viable intercity public transportation improvement program sensitive to the transportation, economic, and environmental characteristics of the study area. Conventional and advanced technologies were examined which combined modal alternatives with routes, stops, feeder-distribution service, and variable operating and pricing policies. These combinations were evaluated in respect to potential demand, capital and operating costs, level of service, revenue, and non-user impacts under a variety of fare, service, and subsidy assumptions. Improved express bus service, closely integrated with local transit, offers immediate action opportunities. A staged program of rail-based improvements, starting with operating conventional equipment on existing tracks mixed with freight and evolving into a turbine train operation on new track, offers a middle range possibility with a higher level of service at a moderate cost. Short-haul air service with improved airport access will also have a role in the corridor. Its full potential requires a demonstration program. Extending Bay Area Rapid Transit at a high cost offers no major advantage over cheaper rail solutions. Tracked Levitated Vehicle technology is not available for decision-making; however, future options should be preserved. Major findings indicate the importance of close ties to existing local urban transit for feeder/distribution service. New demand-responsive local feeder service will have an even more dramatic effect on patronage in the long-run. The increasing attractiveness of intercity transit service is directly related to increasing gas prices and lower highway speed limits as well as moderate fares and a high frequency of transit service. Denser development patterns also improve transit viability. The energy utilization and pollution output of each alternative was compared with their automobile equivalent with results substantially favoring the transit alternatives. Noise and visual disruption to communities was also studied, as well as the ecological impacts associated with construction. Using existing transportation rights-of-way for the new alternatives has kept these impacts to a minimum.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Planning Transport Associates, Incorporated

    P.O. Box 4824, Duke Station
    Durham, NC  United States  27706
  • Authors:
    • Lockwook, S C
    • Weber, W D
  • Publication Date: 1975-9

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00131034
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: High Speed Ground Transportation Journal
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 21 1981 12:00AM