This book is a user's guide to geographic information system (GIS) technology. It provides information and perspectives on the major requirements and issues surrounding GIS management technology--building and maintaining a data base, selecting and upgrading hardware and software, using the technology to solve problems, funding, networking, providing access, and others. Part I, Technology for the Information Age, gives an overview of GIS management technology. Chapter 1 introduces the subject, defines key terms, discusses relevant technologies, and introduces some of the political, organizational, and technical issues affecting GIS development. Chapter 2 summarizes the history of the technology's evolution. Chapter 3 examines a broad range of applications and uses of a GIS. Chapter 4 describes the benefits and costs of a GIS. Part II, Systems Components, describes the elements of a GIS, including data bases, software, hardware, and data communication vehicles. Chapter 5 reviews data base concepts and development, and Chapter 6 discusses the various types of data commonly used in a GIS. Chapters 7 and 8 cover computer hardware and software, respectively. Chapter 9 reviews system configuration and data communication concepts. Part III, Managing Change, examines how to make GIS management technology work effectively. Chapter 10 lays out a step-by-step process for implementation. Chapter 11 covers emerging legal issues. Chapter 12, the final chapter, assesses the future of GIS management technology. With regard to transportation applications, it is pointed out that GIS technology is used by at least twenty-nine state departments of transportation. Many use it for engineering drafting and design. Fewer use it extensively for mapping and geographic analysis. Specific transportation applications of GIS include road design, highway mapping, pavement and maintenance management, capital budget planning, analysis of accident data and traffic volumes, and routing and dispatching vehicles. Many states are now attempting to link existing road log data with their mapping and drafting systems. GIS is also emerging as a tool in the private sector transportation industry, as well as in industries that involve logistics or use transportation services.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Van Nostrand Reinhold

    115 Fifth Avenue
    New York, NY  United States  10003
  • Authors:
    • Antenucci, J C
    • Brown, K
    • Croswell, P L
    • Kevany, M J
    • Archer, H
  • Publication Date: 1991


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 315 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00626991
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0442007566
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 3 1993 12:00AM