SUBSURFACE USES IN SWEDEN AND FRANCE: A REPORT

A brief reconnaissance survey was made in Stockholm, Sweden, and the Loire and Cher Valleys of France, in an effort to observe the uses of the subsurface in these areas, and compare them with the underground development in greater Kansas City. In Sweden, a section of subway under construction and an underground sewage plant were visited. it is noted that Swedish skills in blasting are highly proficient, that subsurface development is not a reclamation of mined areas, and that commercial uses of the subsurface other than the military sites are of the basement type. In Sweden, the subsurface is viewed as a way to preserve the surface. The costs of subsurface development are weighed against climatic maintenance cost of similar surface construction, energy cost of an exposed surface location, costs of a disrupted surface environment and the cost of defense inadequacy. The Lorie and Cher valleys of France have much in common with Kansas City. The uses here were secondary to an origianl mining venture. The physiographic presence of rivers and their resultant bluffs have played an important part in both the Kansas City and Loire-Cher regions. The difference lies in the rural nature of the French vallyes which have made economical housing the most desirable use for the abandoned mines. This is augmented by developments which exploit the areas as unique and economical vacation sites.

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References;
  • Pagination: p. 159-178

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00130649
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Proceeding
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 7 1981 12:00AM