This paper discusses the Continental European experience of measures designed to minimise the impact of cars on urban traffic, transport, and quality of life; it advocates testing and adopting these approaches in other countries, including the UK. The author argues that: (1) cars are a net disbenefit to society; (2) they cannot be 'Green' or environmentally friendly; (3) the only true solutions are to walk, cycle, or use high-occupancy public transport. Even traffic-calming measures, which slow down cars inside cities, do not altogether remove their harmful effects. The author refers to his design for cities (presented in detail in his paper "User-friendly Cities") which would change their structure little, but radically alter their use. This would have the following meshes of routes: (1) "fine", predominantly for pedestrians and cyclists; (2) "medium", for the public transport network; and (3) "broad", for those still using cars. Rentable electronic vehicles would be used to move heavy loads. The author considers what progress has been made in this direction in the cities of: (1) Bologna, Italy; (2) Hanover, Germany; (3) Lyon, France; (4) Vienna. Finally, the author notes that, although there are more cars and travel in Western Europe than in the UK, there is: (1) less travel per car; (2) much better, much more attractive public transport; (3) better realisation that walking and cycling are important. (TRRL) (Author/TRRL)

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Alexandrine Press

    P.O. Box 15, Cornmarket Street
    Oxford OC1 3EB,   England 
  • Authors:
    • Roberts, J
  • Publication Date: 1989


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 215-30
  • Serial:
    • Volume: 15
    • Issue Number: 3/4
    • Publisher: Alexandrine Press
    • ISSN: 0263-7960

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00623717
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: Jul 31 1992 12:00AM