UNEMPLOYMENT AND HIGHWAY FATALITIES

It was hypothesized that (1) as unemployment rises, aggregate driving decreases, especially among the unemployed, and as driving decreases, fatalities should decrease; (2) unemployment may influence drinking; and (3) unemployment may increase aggregate levels of stress and result in more accidents and deaths. Data from 50 states and the District of Columbia from 1976-1980 were used. Using econometric models of the data, evidence is presented for two of the three hypothesized effects of unemployment. We conclude that, if the number of miles driven is held constant, worsening unemployemnt leads to higher fatality rates, most likely due to stress effects. But because more unemployment means less driving, increases in unemployment, on balance, are associated with decreases in fatalities.

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  • Corporate Authors:

    Duke University Press

    6697 College Station
    Durham, NC  United States  27708
  • Authors:
    • Leigh, J P
    • Waldon, H M
  • Publication Date: 1991

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  • Accession Number: 00623016
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 31 1992 12:00AM