This summary of a presentation made at the 70th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board in Washington, D.C., in January 1991, addresses the presence of alcohol and other drugs in seriously injured bicyclists and pedestrians reported to the American College of Surgeons' Major Trauma Outcome Study (MTOS) from 1982 through 1988. There were 9,337 pedestrian injuries reported to MTOS, of which 13.4% were fatal. There were 4,329 injured pedestrians (46.3%) tested for alcohol in their blood. Almost 50% of those tested had measurable blood alcohol concentrations (BACs) and over 35% had BACs at .10 or above. Testing for the presence of drugs other than alcohol was reported for 397 injured pedestrians. Positive drug screening was reported for 15.6% of these. Drugs predominating were cocaine, narcotics, and barbiturates. There were 802 bicycle injuries reported to MTOS, 4.7% of which were fatal. There were 285 bicycle patients (35.5%) tested for BAC. Of those tested, 26% had measurable BACs and over 20% had BACs at .10 or above. Drug screening was conducted for 103 cases. Eleven cases were found to indicate the presence of drugs at the time of injury, with cocaine, barbiturates, and amphetamines predominant.

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    Transportation Research Board

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  • Authors:
    • Dickman, F B
    • COPES, W S
  • Publication Date: 1992-5

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  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Pagination: p. 5-6
  • Serial:

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00622365
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-041 428
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: May 31 1992 12:00AM