COGNITIVE-MOTOR ABILITIES OF THE ELDERLY DRIVER

This article reviews literature that documents the effects of age on motor performance as it relates to driving behavior. Movement initiation is the focal point of the first part of the article, and it is considered in terms of absolute age differences when functional manipulations are made, such as response preparation, response selection, response programming, and complexity. The second part of the article addresses age difference in the context of movement execution characteristics; differences in movement speed, force production, limb coordination, and sensory motor integration are considered. Movement time and movement kinematics and kinetics are the principal dependent measures reviewed. Adults were found to initiate and execute movements more slowly and with less precision as they age, which may contribute to the decline of their driving skill. Most of the data reviewed were obtained in laboratory settings; nevertheless, they suggest how age may impair the elderly driver.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Human Factors Society

    Johns Hopkins University Press
    Baltimore, MD  United States  21218
  • Authors:
    • STELMACH, G E
    • NAHOM, A
  • Publication Date: 1992-2

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 53-65
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00621067
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: Apr 30 1992 12:00AM