Older drivers have more accidents per miles driven than any other age group and tend to have significant impairments in their visual function, which could interfere with driving. The authors take a comprehensive approach by examining how accident frequency in older drivers relates to the visual/cognitive system at a number of levels: ophthalmological disease, visual function, visual attention, and cognitive function. The best predictor of accident frequency as recorded by the state was a model incorporating measures of early visual attention and mental status, which together accounted for 20 percent of the variance, a much stronger model than in earlier studies. Those older drivers with a visual attentional disorder or with poor scores on a mental status test had 3 to 4 times more accidents (of any type) and 15 times more intersection accidents than those without these problems.

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  • Corporate Authors:

    American Psychological Association

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    Washington, DC  United States  20002-4242
  • Authors:
    • Owsley, C
    • Ball, K
    • Sloane, M E
    • Roenker, D L
    • Bruni, J R
  • Publication Date: 1991

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 403-415
  • Serial:
    • Psychology and Aging
    • Volume: 6
    • Issue Number: 3
    • Publisher: American Psychological Association
    • ISSN: 0882-7974

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00621061
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 30 1992 12:00AM