WALKING DISTANCE MINIMIZATION FOR AIRPORT TERMINAL CONFIGURATIONS

Passenger walking distance is a major consideration in determining the configuration of an airport terminal. Two groups of hub transfers are defined to accommodate different levels of hub and spoke operations. The optimum terminal geometry in terms of the number of piers or satellites and their sizes, is obtained by minimizing the mean walking distance for all the passengers. The probability distribution of the walking distance of a passenger is generated by simulation. Given an acceptable walking distance, several statistical parameters that are suitable to compare the optimum geometries for different configurations are reported. It is shown that in most cases the lower and the upper bounds of the optimum number of piers or satellites are proportional to the square root of the total number of gates in the terminal. For a wide range of passenger mixes and numbers of gates, a semi-centralized pier configuration appears to be the best terminal configuration with respect to passenger walking. Guidelines for the selection of the best terminal configuration for non-hub, moderate-hub and all-hub (wayport) terminals are presented. Application of the proposed method in a terminal expansion situation is given.

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  • Corporate Authors:

    Pergamon Press, Incorporated

    Headington Hill Hall
    Oxford OX30BW,    
  • Authors:
    • Bandara, S
    • Wirasinghe, C
  • Publication Date: 1992-1

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00620724
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 31 1992 12:00AM