A computer model for simulating oil spreading and transport has been developed. The model can be utilized as a useful tool in providing advance information and thus may guide decisions for an effective response in control and clean-up once an accidental spill occurs. The spreading motion is simulated according to the physical properties of oil and its characteristics at the air-oil-water interfaces. The transport movement is handled by super imposing the spreading with a drift motion caused by winds and tidal currents. By considering an oil slick as a summation of many elementary patches and applying the principle of superposition, the model is capable of predicting the oil size, shape, movement as a function of time after a spill originates. Field experiments using either cardboard markers or soybeam oil to simulate a spill were conducted at the Long Beach Harbor. Computer predictions showed good agreement with the field traces. Data are presented in graphical form.

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 2227-44

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00129775
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Engineering Index
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 10 1976 12:00AM