EFFECTS OF MINIMUM DRINKING AGE LAWS ON ALCOHOL USE, RELATED BEHAVIORS AND TRAFFIC CRASH INVOLVEMENT AMONG AMERICAN YOUTH: 1976-1987

This study has two separate but related purposes: (1) to delineate cross-sectional differences among U.S. high school seniors and young adults that may be due to variations in recent years in state-level minimum drinking age laws and (2) to examine the effects of recent changes in minimum drinking age laws on alcohol consumption and other relevant attitudes and behaviors. The major findings include: higher minimum drinking ages were associated with lower levels of alcohol use among high school seniors and recent high school graduates, even after multivariate controls; lower levels of alcohol use were observed across a number of demographic variables; the lower levels of use persisted into the early 20s, even after all respondents were of legal age; and lowered involvement in alcohol-related fatal crashes among drivers under 21 appeared due to lower alcohol consumption rates -- in particular, less drinking in bars or taverns.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Alcohol Research Documentation, Incorporated

    P.O. Box 969
    Piscataway, NJ  United States  08854
  • Authors:
    • O'Malley, P M
    • Wagenaar, A C
  • Publication Date: 1991-9

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 478-491
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00618970
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-041 207
  • Contract Numbers: AA05928
  • Files: HSL, TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 29 1992 12:00AM