This report demonstrates that economic activity as represented by unemployment has a marked effect on the level of road fatalities, after controlling for the amount of fuel sold (a proxy for motor vehicle travel) and some important road safety countermeasure initiatives. The model developed in this paper also helps to evaluate the effectiveness of major road safety initiatives such as compulsory seat-belt wearing in motor vehicles; a package of drink driving reduction measures; the 1989/90 road safety initiatives; and travel reduction due to the 1974 oil embargo combined with the reduced rural speed limit and the 1980 oil price rise. The influence of each of these factors on the total road fatalities has been measured by an econometric method. It shows that the number of persons unemployed has a close negative association with the number of road fatalities in Victoria for the period from 1966-1990. It also provides evidence of the effectiveness of some major road safety initiatives in Victoria.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Victoria Road Safety and Traffic Authority, Australia

    854 Glenferrie Road
    Hawthorne, Victoria  Australia  3122
  • Authors:
    • Haque, O
  • Publication Date: 1991-7

Media Info

  • Features: Appendices; Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 34 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00623554
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
  • ISBN: 0 7306 1373 9
  • Report/Paper Numbers: GR 91-10, HS-041 295
  • Created Date: Jul 31 1992 12:00AM