This synthesis provides information from past research on pedestrians, with a primary emphasis on pedestrian safety. The topics include characteristics of pedestrian accidents, conflict analyses and hazard formulas, pedestrian safety programs, and countermeasures related to engineering and education. Engineering measures discussed in this report include pedestrian barriers, crosswalks, signs, signals, right-turn-on-red, innovative traffic control devices, refuge islands, provisions for handicapped pedestrians, bus stop location, school trip safety, overpasses, sidewalks, and others. Information is also included on educational considerations and traffic enforcement and regulations related to pedestrians. Pedestrian accidents account for 15 to 20% of all motor-vehicle fatalities in the U.S. and more than 100,000 people injured or killed each year. A considerable amount of research has been conducted over the past 25 years to better define the pedestrian safety problem and to develop and evaluate potential countermeasures. When selectively used, many of the engineering treatments can be effective in reducing pedestrian deaths and injuries. Pedestrian educational programs have been found to reduce 20 to 30% of pedestrian accidents involving young children. Model traffic regulations and enforcement programs are also important. This report is an update of Chapter 16 "Pedestrian Ways" written by R.C. Pfefer, A. Sorton, J. Fegan, and M.J. Rosenbaum, which was published by the Federal Highway Administration in Synthesis of Safety Research Related to Traffic Control and Roadway Elements - Volume 2 in December, 1982.

  • Corporate Authors:

    University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

    Highway Safety Research Center
    Chapel Hill, NC  United States  27599

    Federal Highway Administration

    Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center, 6300 Georgetown Pike
    McLean, VA  United States  22101
  • Authors:
    • Zegeer, C V
  • Publication Date: 1991-6

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 110 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00621542
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: FHWA-SA-91-034, FHWA/TS-90-034
  • Contract Numbers: DTFH61-90-P-00585
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Apr 30 1996 12:00AM