PROOF-OF-CONCEPT ZINC/BROMINE ELECTRIC VEHICLE BATTERY
At the inception of the contract, Johnson Controls acquired and tested the zinc/bromine battery design developed by Exxon Research and Engineering Corporation (the Z-design) and, with Exxon, determined the key problems in this design: expansion and warping of electrodes, leaking of electrolyte from the battery stack, and excessive self-discharge brought about by transfer of bromine across the separator. The problems of electrode expansion and high self-discharge were mitigated by developing improved electrode and separator materials. Starting in the second year of the contract, JCI developed a new V-design battery stack which used different hardware and tooling to address the problem of stack leakage. The V-design uses thermal welding to achieve a hermetically sealed construction. The flow distribution is improved, and the massive endblocks of the original system have been replaced by thinner, lighter endblocks which are stiffened by means of rigid aluminum honeycomb inserts. Highlights of performance characteristics of batteries built and tested under the contract given. The battery was developed for the ETX-II, a Ford Aerostar minivan.
- Portions of this document are illegible in microfiche products. Original copy available until stock is exhausted.
Sandia National LaboratoriesP.O. Box 5800
Albuquerque, NM United States 87185
- Bolsted, J
- Eidler, P
- MILES, R
- Petersen, R
- Yaccarino, K
- Publication Date: 1991-4
- Features: Figures; Tables;
- Pagination: 108 p.
- TRT Terms: Bromine; Development; Electric vehicles; Electrodes; Electrolytes; Expansion; Research; Separators; Warpage; Zinc
- Uncontrolled Terms: Research and development; Warping
- Subject Areas: Energy; Highways; Pavements; Research;
- Accession Number: 00619616
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: SAND-91-7029
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Feb 29 1992 12:00AM