EFFECTS ON DRIVING PERFORMANCE OF VISUAL FIELD DEFECTS: A DRIVING SIMULATOR STUDY

To elucidate the posssible traffic safety risks induced by visual field defects, a method was developed based on a driving simulator. The capacity to detect stimuli of different sizes appearing in 24 different positions on the screen in front of the driver was measured. Two groups of normal subjects and a number of subjects with different visual field defects were studied. In the groups of normals, the median reaction times were fairly homogenous. There was a slight difference between central and peripheral stimuli, which was somewhat larger for the older subjects. Among the subjects with field defects, the individual variations were very dominant. Very few of these showed a capacity to compensate for their deficiency. In order to gain insight into possible compensatory mechanisms of these persons, eye movement recordings were made. The results indicate that the visual search pattern may be of importance in this respect. Some comparisons with respect to detection capacity were also made with one-eyed subjects and with optically generated field restrictions (spectacles and spectacle frames).

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  • Corporate Authors:

    Pergamon Press, Incorporated

    Headington Hill Hall
    Oxford OX30BW,    
  • Authors:
    • LOVSUND, P
    • HEDIN, A
    • TORNROS, J
  • Publication Date: 1991-8

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00611371
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-041 239
  • Files: HSL, TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: Aug 31 1996 12:00AM