Australia is a vast country covering an area of some 7.7 million sq km with a population of only 16.8 million. Sixty percent of the population is concentrated in the major metropolitan areas of Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide, and over 70% in some 15 urban areas with population exceeding 50,000. It is thus a highly urbanized and decentralized country. Road infrastructure is vital for the functioning of Australian economy due to the size and distribution of economic activities in the country. A recent assessment of the Australian road system indicates that: over 97% of passenger travel takes place on roads; and roads carry about half of all freight carried in Australia, and about 80% of high value general freight. The increase in annual transport task without corresponding increase in transport infrastructure supply is resulting in an ever increasing proportion of roads with congested traffic flow conditions. This leads to excessive fuel consumption, air pollution and accident risk on Australian roads. This paper reviews the changes in transport demand and supply over the past 10-15 years, the resulting transportation problems, and various approaches to solving them.

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00610200
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-041 177
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 30 1991 12:00AM