Water is one of the most persistent problems encountered by engineers both during the construction and the operational life of any tunnel. Primary and secondary linings are the main defense against water ingress or leakage, but these can be weakened by a faulty method. Grouting techniques and grout composition have become extremely sophisticated during the past few years with the development of modern injection techniques as well as the growing use of additives such as resins and plasticizers. The use of grout, however, may be considered as a structural element in tunnel fabrication and therefore in this article the emphasis is on the use of synthetic membranes for waterproofing under ground.

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  • Corporate Authors:

    Morgan-Grampian (Construction Press) Limited

    Morgan-Grampian House, 30 Calderwood Street
    London SE18 6QH,   England 
  • Authors:
    • Edwards, C
  • Publication Date: 1991-5

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; Photos;
  • Pagination: p. 76-78
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00610087
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 30 1991 12:00AM