DRINKING AND DRIVING RISK - LEGISLATIVE ACTION AND THE DISSUASION THEORY. ANALYSIS OF THE SUPPRESSIVE MODEL OF PREVENTIVE POLICY

RISQUE "ALCOOL AU VOLANT", ACTION LEGISLATIVE ET THEORIE DE LA DISSUASION. ANALYSE DU MODELE REPRESSIF DE POLITIQUE PREVENTIVE

The danger represented by the effect of alcohol on driving skills has been brought to the fore by experimental studies and the epidemiology of road accidents. Governments have started to act to reduce the risks by implementing preventive policies that rely on legislative action and the threat of penal penalties, i.e. the fear of penal punishment is used to reduce the frequency of drinking by drivers and thus lessen their accident risk. The context of the suppressive form of prevention is discussed particularly with respect to road safety. Detailed consideration is given to a social control model of road safety which was developed initially in the English-speaking world (and in Scandinavia for alcohol) and which combines behaviourist theory and the principle of dissuasion. This model postulates the regulatory effect of punishment based on the high frequency and severity of the penalty. The interaction of the prevention of drinking and driving and dissuasion theory are discussed by reference to experiences in USA, Canada and the Scandinavian countries. The effectiveness of the discussion thesis is assessed by examining French statistics for drink-driving convictions. The results obtained diverge from the practical theory of dissuasion. A number of conclusions are given in which it is inferred that the legislative formulatives of the political theory of dissuasion do not have the expected effect on the actual implementation of the legislative action. The operational effectivness of prevention is not up to the standard that is usually expected. It is thought that the question of preventive policy in this sphere is of necessity a long term one. This paper was originally published in French in: Recherche Transports Securite (1989-09), No 23, pp29-36, and for the French abstract see IRRD 123688. (TRRL)

  • Corporate Authors:

    Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)

    Wokingham, Berkshire  United Kingdom 
  • Authors:
    • JAYET, M-C
  • Publication Date: 1990-7

Language

  • French

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: 16 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00612448
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Report/Paper Numbers: T 3661
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 31 1991 12:00AM