A SIMPLE METHOD FOR SIMULATING DANGER-RELATED ASPECTS OF BEHAVIOR IN HAZARDOUS ACTIVITIES

An attempt to simulate the closed-loop nature of many kinds of hazardous activities, e.g. Driving, was made by means of a dart-throwing game in which the score progressively increased towards the right-hand portion of the target. Just to the right of the area yielding the highest score there was a "near-accident" area and, still more to the right, an "accident" area. The former yielded no score and was assumed to warn the thrower; a hit in the latter was followed by a punishment session, an extra session to be performed immediately after the session in which the accident occurred. The subject knew in advance that upon reaching a prescribed total score the session would be over. The main result was that the hits had a tendency to move to the right, to the area with higher scores and smaller margins of safety, and that this shift was, every now and then, reset by a hit in the "near-accident" area. These changes apparently reflect corresponding phenomena in the thrower's decision-making, and similar changes presumably take place in decision-making in many kinds of hazardous situations. (A) /TRRL/

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Pergamon Press, Incorporated

    Maxwell House, Fairview Park
    Elmsford, NY  United States  10523
  • Authors:
    • Naeaetaenen, R
    • SUMMALA, H
  • Publication Date: 1975-5

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00127986
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 7 1976 12:00AM