FIRES IN MASS TRANSIT VEHICLES: GUIDELINES FOR THE EVALUATION OF TOXIC HAZARDS

Noteworthy progress has been made recently toward understanding and quantifying the smoke toxicity factors involved in fire hazard assessment. Such progress has led to increased attention to the significance of fire growth parameters for toxic hazard. Methodology has been proposed to use fire test data, including information on the toxic potency of smoke in engineering calculations for the assessment of overall fire hazard. Confidence in the methodology may evolve from comparison with full-scale fire tests as well as from human fire fatality experience. This report addresses fire modeling, fire testing, smoke toxicity testing, fire hazard assessment, and fire risk assessment. In the assessment of potential toxic hazards in the event of fires in mass transit vehicles, the report concludes that selection of candidate materials should be based on analyses using both toxicological and engineering considerations.

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This study was conducted by the National Materials Advisory Board (NMAB), with assistance from the Transportation Research Board, and was sponsored by the Urban Mass Transportation Administration under Contract No. DC-86-0559.
  • Corporate Authors:

    National Research Council

    2101 Constitution Avenue, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20418
  • Publication Date: 1991

Media Info

  • Features: Appendices; Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 98 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00611028
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: NMAB-462
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 31 1991 12:00AM