EVALUATION OF A BEHAVIORAL INTERVENTION TO REDUCE DWI AMONG ADOLESCENT DRIVERS

New adolescent drivers are at risk for dangerous driving in general and DWI specifically because of multiple risk factors which have been identified in previous research. This report describes an evaluation of a DWI prevention module and 2 three-hour school-based reinforcement sessions with a set of adolescent pre-drivers. 343 adolescent pre-drivers (mean age of 15.9 yr) were exposed to a new DWI prevention module (10 hr) in their Traffic Safety Education classes and the concepts and skills were reinforced (3 hr) at 6 and 12 mo in the classroom. The curriculum focused on risk identification and skill instruction to avoid situations leading to DWI. A control group (N=150) was assessed prior to their drivers training class and at 12 mo. A sub-group of "high-risk" individuals was identified initially and was involved in an intensive out-of-school summer conference to deal with the factors associated with their high-risk status. Results of analysis of cross sectional and longitudinal data are presented for all subjects over a 12-mo study period. Experimental subjects and controls were matched with respect to demographic and family characteristics, although experimental subjects smoked more cigarettes and had somewhat more experience with adults and siblings who drink and drive and they drank more beer than control subjects. Self-reported behavior showed expected rises in some target behaviors (traffic citations, driving intoxicated, increased driving hours, etc.) compared to controls who endorsed these behaviors less often. There were significant improvements in target behaviors among high-risk adolescents attending the intensive summer conference compared to those high-risk subjects who were invited but did not attend. The results of this program evaluation are discussed in terms of the efficacy of behavioral interventions to reduce adolescent risky driving/DWI and problems related to implementing and evaluating such programs.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Brain Information Service

    California University, Center for Health Science
    Los Angeles, CA  United States  90024
  • Authors:
    • Farrow, J A
  • Publication Date: 1989-1

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00608539
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-040 780
  • Files: HSL, TRIS, ATRI, USDOT
  • Created Date: May 31 1991 12:00AM