This article traces the growth of ridesharing in the USA, in the form of car pooling and minibus pooling. Both methods of ridesharing are being actively encouraged by public agencies in an effort to reduce the traffic congestion caused by commuting. Minibus or van pooling is a more formal arrangement than car pooling, involving about 7-15 people, and attracting subsidies from the Federal government. There are 3 type of minibus pooling: (a) owner operated, where the owner has all responsibility for maintenance and insurance; (b) third party, where a minibus is leased from a 3rd party, all fixed and operating costs are shared amongst the passengers, and the designated driver, who rides free, attends to routine maintenance and passenger recruitment, and (c) employer sponsored pooling, where the employer provides the vehicle. Type b is the most frequently used, with the vehicle provider assuming responsibility for insurance, maintenance cost, licensing and lease arrangements. US law recognizes car/minibus pooling as a not for profit undertaking, so that insurance cover is under the terms of the vehicle owners conventional policy. The work place is not liable for insurance claims for injuries sustained during ridesharing, which is legally viewed as a voluntary agreement between individual participants. In medium sized cities such as the metropolitan area of greater Cincinnati ridesharing accounts for 17-20% of commuter journeys, while public transport accounts for 6%.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Royal Town Planning Institute

    26 Portland Place
    London W1N 4BE,   England 
  • Authors:
    • Whitehead-Truss, L
  • Publication Date: 1990-6-8


  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: p. 13-15
  • Serial:
    • Planner
    • Volume: 76
    • Issue Number: 22
    • Publisher: Royal Town Planning Institute
    • ISSN: 0309-1384

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00606482
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: Mar 31 1991 12:00AM