ALLOWING FOR HUMAN ERROR

In this article, the findings from a detailed study by the AA Foundation for Road Safety Research into the causes of accidents in urban areas (see IRRD 829124) are discussed. The study was undertaken by the Institute of Transport Studies at the University of Leeds and covered 1254 injury accidents which occurred during 1988 in north Leeds. In addition to analysing STATS 19 data, the study focused on the human contributory factors, which were defined at four levels. Each accident was analysed using a 'chain of factors' approach, for example, 'failure to yield at a junction' (level 1) caused by 'failure to look' (level 3) caused by alcohol impairment (level 4). The overriding conclusion found by this study is that human error on the part of pedestrians in all age groups is significantly greater than for driver riders. Impairment is also much higher for adult pedestrians (18%) than drivers/riders (8%). The author of this article questions whether the major thrust of accident investigation and prevention (AIP) measures towards drivers and riders is therefore appropriate. The study highlights the inability of most pedestrians to cope with modern traffic conditions. Road junctions should be targeted for AIP measures, and further studies are needed to assess the influence of roadside parking on accidents to pedestrians.

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  • Corporate Authors:

    Reed Business Information, Limited

    Quadrant House, The Quadrant
    Brighton Road
    Sutton, Surrey  United Kingdom  SM2 5AS
  • Authors:
    • AYLOTT, R
  • Publication Date: 1990-5-24

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: p. 21
  • Serial:
    • SURVEYOR
    • Volume: 173
    • Issue Number: 5096
    • Publisher: Hemming Group, Limited
    • ISSN: 0039-6303

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00606367
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 31 1991 12:00AM