Four fundamental issues (level of funding; structure and sources of funding; allocation of funds; and control and continuity of funding) are examined from a general perspective to identify the major problems, approaches for the resolution of these problems, and to evaluate the success of these solutions. New York state's philosophy and experience is stated. The question of an appropriate level of funding is answered in the legislative branches of government. Administrations can only try to influence these decision makers by providing comprehendible and factual analyses of the alternatives and recommendations. The question of the level of funding leads to the question of what is needed. Although needs studies are beneficial, they do not help in determining how funds should be spent. Another method of determining funding level is based on the incremental philosophy which deviates only slightly from the previous practice. The reasons for the establishment of dedicated trust funds are listed and the deficiencies of such funds are examined. Comments are made on user revenues. In New York State, user revenues are maintained at the federal level but a new multimodal transportation fund is set up that would receive revenues from all forms of transportation and disburse funds to all types of transportation projects. The question of bonding approach to financing transportation capital improvements is also discussed. Categorical allocation of funding is based on channeling revenues to fairly specific groups of problems whose extent and priority are based largely on federal perceptions. Some solutions to the problems of allocations are suggested. The effects of inflation, administrative practicws and crises on transportation funding are discussed. In the discussion which follows the paper, the experiences of a transit agency are presented, and programming work in Florida is described. It is indicated that success in federal-aid programming is increasingly difficult to achieve.

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    • Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Proceedings of a conference held March 23-26, 1975 at Orlando, Florida. See individual sections, HRIS #127487 - #127495.
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    Transportation Research Board

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  • Authors:
    • Schuler, Raymond T
  • Discussers:
    • Nelson, Robert W
    • Hilliard, W M
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  • Publication Date: 1975

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  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Pagination: pp 34-44
  • Serial:

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00127491
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Mar 10 1976 12:00AM