The role of programming is defined and the historical aspects, current features and future trends of the concept are examined. The programming role is that of marshalling all the options, weighing them against one another, deciding the order of effectiveness among means, and the order of relative efficiences for each level of effectiveness of means. The programming role is an intermediate role which must continually interact with the initiatives that arise at the planning level and with the consequences reported at the budgetary level. The transportation picture in the 19th century is described; the needs at this time were met by a mixture of public and private programming. Before the advent of the automobile, the only programming required of public authorities had to do with the level and structure of franchise payments they could exact. Programming soon came to assume the intermediary function if not holds. At this time the special programming problem became the establishment that the use of vehicles confers net benefits at least equivalent to the costs. The need for intermodal programming (most needed in connection with terminals and terminal areas) now arose. The main needs in this area are likely to relate to the hearts of metropolitan areas. Comments are made on the traditional impact study and the programming based on the benefits it indicates. The implications held by the private passenger vehicle and public transportation is examined. Complex problems for programming are alsp presented by the Highway Trust Fund and Transportation Trust Fund. The programming road ahead for freight is seen in the railroad; in intercity transport, programming must demonstrate sensitivity to more parameters and different points of view; within cities, the development of "discontinuous or disjunctive" programming is suggested. There will be a need in the future for more extensive and imaginative programming and a better grasp of far-out options.

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    • Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Proceedings of a conference held March 23-26, 1975 at Orlando, Florida. See individual sections, HRIS #127487 - #127495.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Transportation Research Board

    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001
  • Authors:
    • Nelson, James R
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  • Publication Date: 1975

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Pagination: pp 14-24
  • Serial:

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00127487
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Mar 10 1982 12:00AM