THE EFFECT OF ENVIRONMENTAL CHARGES IN THE TRANSPORT SECTOR

EFFEKTER AV MILJOEAVGIFTER INOM TRANSPORTSEKTORN

Economic measures can be applied to reduce environmental effects of the energy and transport sectors. The most important proposals are: 1. Removal of vehicle tax and increase of petrol tax; 2. VAT on journeys and fuel; 3. Changed tax deductions for journeys to work by car; 4. Changes in income tax, with lower direct taxes; 5. Area charges in cities; 6. Road pricing on motorways and regional petrol taxes. According to forecasts, passenger kms will increase by 12% to year 2000. The market share of cars will drop from 76% in 1989 to 69-73% in 2000 owing to higher vehicle costs, area charges in cities and better public transport. Car ownership is thus estimated to increase due to higher incomes but utilisation to drop owing to higher variable costs. The cost of travel will rise by around 20% by 2000, but disposable income will increase by about same percentage. Even if proposals are introduced, some years will elapse before new equilibrium is established. Local car journeys will decrease in large towns and increase in smaller towns and countryside. Emission of nitrogen oxide will drop considerably between 1989 and 2005 due to stricter exhaust regulations, but will rise again after 2005 due to increased volume of traffic unless stricter regulations are introduced.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Transportraadet

    P.O. Box 1339
    Solna,   Sweden 
  • Publication Date: 1989

Language

  • Swedish

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00605852
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 1989:12
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 31 1991 12:00AM