THE DRIVER'S EXPOSURE TO RISK AND ACCIDENT

The driving habits in three population groups in Central Sweden have been investigated by means of a mailed questionnaire cotaining questions about the previous calendar year and a driving journal for the subsequent week. The samples totalled 22,575 individuals. The non-response was 15%, 19% and 10%, respectively, but has not been found to affect the results to any great extent. There were appreciable differences in age and sex as concerns average distrances driven, distribution as to type of motor vehicle, time of day and week, driving in rural or built-up areas, in working or spare time, etc. The most interesting groups at risk were the oldest and the youngest drivers. They had in common relatively low average mileages, and to a great extent rode mopeds and drove during their spare time. The youngest, in addition, drove relatively ofter during the night hours, with borrowed vehicles and in bulit-up areas. Driving experience (in number of years since the first license) and age influenced the average miles in contrary directions, i.e., mileage decreased with passage of time since the first license and increased with age. The accident frequency per distance driven semmed high for lorry, moped and motorcycle. It was high among the youngest and the oldest drivers, among those with less than five years of driving experience and finally it was high during the night. On the whole a large part of the differences in accident rates was explained by the exposure to risk. Even traffic offences were a function of this exposure. this study thus confirms that the motor vehicle plays a cardinal role in the daily life of the whole population, that different groups of drivers drive for differing social or other reasons and that differences in the kind and extent of driving could be used to prepare preventive public measures.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • The original article appeared in the Scandinavaian Journal of Social Medicine, V2 pp 49-65, 1974.
  • Authors:
    • Bygren, L O
  • Publication Date: 1975-4

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00127407
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Safety Council Safety Research Info Serv
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 16 1975 12:00AM