In the USSR, the rapid development of the national economy and the continually expanding economic relations between the different Republics, reflected in the supplies of industrial products and agricultural produce, have led to a considerable increase in the traffic carried by all the modes of transport. In handling the transports, the railway is playing a leading part, dealing with more than 3,000,000 million t/km per annum (representing 65% of the total freight traffic) and with nearly half of the passenger traffic in the country. One of the basic conditions for coping with the increasing freight and passenger traffic has been the realization of certain previously planned measures for a thorough technical remodelling of railway transport on the basis of extensive electrification and dieselization schemes. With the successful realization of this programme, the total route length of lines operated by progressive modes of traction has increased to 124,600 km, including 37,100 km of electrified lines and 87,500 km of dieselized lines. At present, the high-capacity electric and diesel locomotives cater for the lines with the heaviest freight traffic, representing 99.4% of the total freight traffic (viz. 50.9% on electrified lines and 48.5% on dieselized lines). The transition to electric and diesel traction has been associated with a whole complex of ancillary works designed to strengthen other branches of railway operation. There have been considerable changes in the fleet of wagons, and virtually all of the two-axled wagons have been scrapped. They have been replaced by new, improved heavy goods wagons with four or eight axles, equipped with automatic couplings and modern automatic brakes.

  • Corporate Authors:

    International Railway Congress Association

    17-21 rue de Louvrain
    1000 Brussels,   Belgium 
  • Authors:
    • Kozlov, V E
  • Publication Date: 1975-8

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 687-693
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00127383
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Rail International
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 5 1975 12:00AM