HEALTH RISK OF EXPOSURE TO NON-OCCUPATIONAL SOURCES OF BENZENE
The health effects of benzene are summarized and a review is made of the various risk estimates which have been published on the likelihood of an increase in incidence of leukaemia in the general population as a consequence of benzene in the ambient air. Sources of benzene exposure for the general population are identified and an indication given of the relative contribution from each source. Gasoline engined motor vehicles are estimated as producing 80-85 per cent of total man made emissions. Typical benzene intakes from various sources include those from: a) urban or rural areas; b) inside automobiles; and c) refuelling automobiles. Typical levels of benzene in ambient air range between 1 ppb for rural and 6 ppb for industrial areas. No health effects from exposures to current levels of benzene in ambient air have ever been detected. Although such effects cannot be completely excluded, they are likely to be extremely small.
- Publication Date: 1989-9
- Pagination: 15 p.
- CONCAWE Report
- Issue Number: 8/89
- Publisher: CONCAWE
- TRT Terms: Air pollution; Benzene; Concentration (Chemistry); Exhaust gases; Health
- ITRD Terms: 7358: Aromatic compounds; 1394: Catalytic converter; 7132: Concentration (chem); 2442: Emission; 2144: Health
- Subject Areas: Safety and Human Factors;
- Accession Number: 00604590
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
- Files: ITRD, TRIS
- Created Date: Feb 28 1991 12:00AM