The cities of Munich and Paris are both vigorously attacking the problems of street congestion and environmental pollution created by the unrestricted use of private cars and heavy lorry traffic. It is recognised in both cities that through traffic must be kept out of the centres by the provision of ring roads, but as these go through mainly suburban areas, special steps must be taken to protect residents from noise. So far as the private car user is concerned both cities have adopted policies of heavy investment in providing an efficient and reliable public transport system which will persuade the public to accept restrictions in the use of private cars. In neither city is public transport expected to pay its way in normal commercial terms but is supported by payments from the central or local goverment. Other means of reducing pressure on the city centres is to construct new towns or expand existing ones round the perimeter in such a manner that the employment and shopping requirements of the residents can be met without the need to commute to the city itself. The one week visit to Munich and Paris, which took place from September 15th-21st, 1974, and was initiated and organised by the institution's transportation board, was designed to examine the ways in which these policies had been planned and carried out. The amount of time available was insufficient to enable enough information to be obtained for a detailed report, but a general description of the public transport systems in the two cities is included, as well as some information on town planning policy, and on measures to reduce the noise and visual impact of major roads in urban areas. The article also includes descriptions of visits to some large new shopping areas on the outskirts of Paris, and to the big office and residential complex at La defense to /TRRL/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Presented at First Australian Conference on Engineering Materials.
  • Corporate Authors:

    University of New South Wales

    School of Civil Engineering, Anzac Parade
    Kensington, New South Wales  Australia  2033
  • Authors:
    • Ritchie, AGB
    • Tingari, M B
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 0

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 157-175

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00127231
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Conf Paper
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 29 1982 12:00AM