This report is the result of a study to determine what effect continuous water leaching has on the engineering, physical, and chemical properties of three lime treated expansve clays in north central Texas. Seventy laboratory prepared lime treated clay samples were subjected to continuous accelerated leaching for 45 and 90 days in large diameter, flexible wall leach cylinders. Constants during the leach testing were types of soil used, flow pressure, curing conditions, and compaction effort. Variables were lime content, initial moisture content, and duration of the leach cycle. The soil's physical and chemical properties were measured before and after leaching then graphically and statistically compared. Physical properties tested included permeability, Atterberg limits, linear shrinkage, swell properties, unconfined compression stength, and differential thermal analysis properties. Chemical properties measured were soil pH, pore-water cation extractions, and exchange complex cation extractions. Extractions were tested for calcium, sodium, magnesium, and potassium cations. Additionally, the leachate passing through the soil was collected and monitored for changes in pH and cation concentrations. Results indicate that leaching does have a detrimental impact on the properties of lime treated expansive clay. The changes in the soil's physical and chemical properties are related to lime content and moisture content during compaction. The permeability of all samples tested increased dramatically with the addition of lime, and it is speculated that permeability plays a key function in determining the amount of physical and chemical change that occurs during leaching. Maximum detrimental changes generally occurred at lime contents at or less than the lime modification optimum. At lime contents at or above the lime stabilization optimum, the detrimental effects were minimized. An estimation technique to correlate laboratory leach results to field predictions of calcium removal and soil pH declination is presented. Field samples of known lime specifications were used to validate the technique with limited success.

  • Corporate Authors:

    University of Texas, Arlington

    Department of Civil Engineering, P.O. Box 19308
    Arlington, TX  United States  76019-0308

    U.S. Army Waterways Experiment Station

    Geotechnical Laboratory, 3909 Halls Ferry Road
    Vicksburg, MS  United States  39180-6199
  • Authors:
    • McCallister, L D
    • Petry, T M
  • Publication Date: 1990-9

Media Info

  • Features: Appendices; Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 428 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00607699
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Tech Rept GL-90-17
  • Contract Numbers: DACA 39-88-M-0550
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 30 1991 12:00AM