This article briefly summarizes recent changes of attitude towards car restraint and promotion of public transport. Many factors, including the rise in oil prices and increased public opposition to urban highway building, have led to A change from pro-highway to pro-public transport policies. This change was recommended in november 1974 by the oecd council and by its ministers of the environment. A group of oecd countries then met to organise a conference on "better towns with less traffic", for April 1975. The secretariat, in preparation, surveyed 444 cities of over 100,000 population, and found that control of car parking is now being supplemented by efforts to improve public transport. Progress in three cities is described: in nagoya, traffic management, parking control and bus priority have halved commuting by car and increased by 1/3 bus speeds. Besancon has restricted central access to buses or cars with permits, and replaced buses with shared taxis on some routes in the evening. In nottingham there are pedestrian malls and bus-only streets, while use of cars to the centre will be limited by "controlled congestion" created by traffic signals. The conference will include sessions on express buses, sharing of cars and taxis, improved safety for cyclists and supplementary licences. Reports will be presented on energy conservation in transport, and on reduction of travel by land-use planning and by staggered working hours. /TRRL/

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  • Corporate Authors:

    Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

    2, rue André Pascal
    Paris,   France  75775 Paris Cedex 16
  • Publication Date: 1975-1-2

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  • Accession Number: 00125648
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 7 1981 12:00AM