FREIGHT TRANSPORT BY ROAD AND RAIL: A COMPARISON OF RESPECTIVE ENERGY CONSUMPTION

IRASPORTO MERCI PER FERROVIA E PER STRACA: COMPARAZIONE DEI RISPETTIVI CONSUMI DI ENERGIA

This article challenges the assumption that rail transport is more economic in energy consumption than road transport. It is argued that though this may be true for some types of traffic, it is false for others. With regard to freight transport, where the assumption may be true, it is pointed out that the ratios between rail and lorry consumptions are lower than many quoted figures, including the 1:3.5 calculated by the Battelle Institute for the American Railroad Association, and adopted by the UIC (Union International des Chemins de Fer) in Europe. It is argued that: (a), the criterion of energy consumption per ton/km between railway stations is false, since it ignores energy consuming activity and movement before and after the station to station journey; (b), empty or partially loaded trips by both rail and road transport are ignored; and (c) the ratio of dead weight to useful load is higher in rail than in road transport. /TRRL/

  • Corporate Authors:

    Automobile Club d'Italia

    Via Marsala 8
    00185 Rome,   Italy 
  • Authors:
    • Vita, REV
  • Publication Date: 1974-5-6

Language

  • Undetermined

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00125557
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 19 1976 12:00AM